Khimjibhai Kanadia, a retired school teacher from Sabarkantha district got an order from the forest department to raise a nursery of ten thousand seedlings in his village, Gadha. He observed that the labourers hired for the purpose, were facing problems while filling the polythene bags with soil.

While manually filling the bags, sometimes the mouth of the plastic bags got clogged and the soil fell outside. One had to use the scoop several times to fill one bag consuming time and involving extra labour. Khimjibhai wanted to speed up the process. His meticulous observation of the process yielded a simple yet intelligent idea, which gave birth to ‘Kittanal’.

Kittanal is just a piece of hollow PVC tube of 75mm dia with one end slightly broadened and the other end cut at an angle to the axis. The tapered end is inserted into the polythene bag and held over the PVC tube and the bag is filled by scooping the other end in the soil in one go. Khimjibhai demonstrated Kittanal to the District Forest Officer of Himmatnagar and received an order for 200 pieces of Kittanal immediately.

Linking local innovations with big and external as well as local demand may expand opportunities for innovators as well as users. SEWA (Self Employed Women’s Association) also felt that this innovation could improve daily earnings of poor women who raise nurseries for the forest department and get paid on piece rate basis.


  • Enables the labor to fill more number of bags thus helping them earn more wages.
  • It makes the task easier and labor enthusiastic.
  • The feed back from users indicates that efficiency of labor increased by more than 200% per day.


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